Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972
THE PARTIES TO THE PRESENT CONVENTION,
DESIRING to maintain a high level of safety at sea,
MINDFUL of the need to revise and bring up to date the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea annexed to the Final Act of the International Conference on Safety of Life at Sea, 1960,
HAVING CONSIDERED those Regulations in the light of developments since they were approved,
HAVE AGREED as follows:
Article I General obligations
The Parties to the present Convention undertake to give effect to the Rules and other Annexes constituting the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, (hereinafter referred to as "the Regulations") attached hereto.
Article II Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession
1. The present Convention shall remain open for signature until 1 June 1973 and shall thereafter remain open for accession.
2. States Members of the United Nations, or of any of the Specialized Agencies, or the International Atomic Energy Agency, or Parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice may become Parties to this Convention by:
(a) signature without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval;
(b) signature subject to ratification, acceptance or approval followed by ratification, acceptance or approval; or
3. Ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument to that effect with the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (hereinafter referred to as "the Organization") which shall inform the Governments of States that have signed or acceded to the present Convention of the deposit of each instrument and of the date of its deposit.
Article III Territorial application
1. The United Nations in cases where they are the administering authority for a territory or any Contracting Party responsible for the international relations of a territory may at any time by notification in writing to the Secretary-General of the Organization (hereinafter referred to as "the Secretary-General"), extend the application of this Convention to such a territory.
2. The present Convention shall, upon the date of receipt of the notification or from such other date as may be specified in the notification, extend to the territory named therein.
3. Any notification made in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article may be withdrawn in respect of any territory mentioned in that notification and the extension of this Convention to that territory shall cease to apply after one year or such longer period as may be specified at the time of the withdrawal.
4. The Secretary-General shall inform all Contracting Parties of the notification of any extension or withdrawal of any extension communicated under this Article.
第IV条 生 效
Article IV Entry into force
1. (a) The present Convention shall enter into force twelve months after the date on which at least 15 States, the aggregate of whose merchant fleets constitutes not less than 65 per cent by number or by tonnage of the world fleet of vessels of 100 gross tons and over have become Parties to it, whichever is achieved first.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, the present Convention shall not enter into force before 1 January 1976.
2. Entry into force for States which ratify, accept, approve or accede to this Convention in accordance with Article II after the conditions prescribed in sub-paragraph 1(a) have been met and before the Convention enters into force, shall be on the date of entry into force of the Convention.
3. Entry into force for States which ratify, accept, approve or accede after the date on which this Convention enters into force, shall be on the date of deposit of an instrument in accordance with Article II.
4. After the date of entry into force of an amendment to this Convention in accordance with paragraph 4 of Article VI, any ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall apply to the Convention as amended.
5. On the date of entry into force of this Convention, the Regulations replace and abrogate the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1960.
6. The Secretary-General shall inform the Governments of States that have signed or acceded to this Convention of the date of its entry into force.
Article V Revision conference
1. A Conference for the purpose of revising this Convention or the Regulations or both may be convened by the Organization.
2. The Organization shall convene a Conference of Contracting Parties for the purpose of revising this Convention or the Regulations or both at the request of not less than one-third of the Contracting Parties.
Article VI Amendments to the Regulations
1. Any amendment to the Regulations proposed by a Contracting Party shall be considered in the Organization at the request of that Party.
2. If adopted by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting in the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization, such amendment shall be communicated to all Contracting Parties and Members of the Organization at least six months prior to its consideration by the Assembly of the Organization. Any Contracting Party which is not a Member of the Organization shall be entitled to participate when the amendment is considered by the Assembly.
3. If adopted by a two-third majority of those present and voting in the Assembly, the amendment shall be communicated by the Secretary-General to all Contracting Parties for their acceptance.
4. Such an amendment shall enter into force on a date to be determined by the Assembly at the time of its adoption unless, by a prior date determined by the Assembly at the same time, more than one-third of the Contracting Parties notify the Organization of their objection to the amendment. Determination by the Assembly of the dates referred to in this paragraph shall be by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting.
5. On entry into force any amendment shall, for all Contracting Parties which have not objected to the amendment, replace and supersede any previous provision to which the amendment refers.
6. The Secretary-General shall inform all Contracting Parties and Members of the Organization of any request and communication under this Article and the date on which any amendment enters into force.
第VII条 退 出
Article VII Denunciation
1. The present Convention may be denounced by a Contracting Party at any time after the expiry of five years from the date on which the Convention entered into force for that Party.
2. Denunciation shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument with the Organization. The Secretary-General shall inform all other Contracting Parties of the receipt of the instrument of denunciation and of the date of its deposit.
3. A denunciation shall take effect one year, or such longer period as may be specified in the instrument, after its deposit.
Article VIII Deposit and registration
1. The present Convention and the Regulations shall be deposited with the Organization, and the Secretary-General shall transmit certified true copies thereof to all Governments of States that have signed this Convention or acceded to it.
2. When the present Convention enters into force, the text shall be transmitted by the Secretary-General to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.
第LX条 文 字
Article IX Languages
The present Convention is established, together with the Regulations, in a single copy in the English and French languages, both texts being equally authentic. Official translations in the Russian and Spanish languages shall be prepared and deposited with the signed original.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned being duly authorized by their respective Governments for that purpose have signed the present Convention.
DONE AT LONDON this twentieth day of October one thousand nine hundred and seventy-two.
INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS FOR PREVENTING COLLISIONS AT SEA, 1972
PART A GENERAL
Rule 1 Application
(a) These Rules shall apply to all vessels upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith navigable by seagoing vessels.
(b) Nothing in these Rules shall interfere with the operation of special rules made by an appropriate authority for roadsteads, harbours, rivers, lakes or inland waterways connected with the high seas and navigable by seagoing vessels. Such special rules shall conform as closely as possible to these Rules.
(c) Nothing in these Rules shall interfere with the operation of any special rules made by the Government of any State with respect to additional station or signal lights or whistle signals for ships of war and vessels proceeding under convoy, or with respect to additional station or signal lights for fishing vessels engaged in fishing as a fleet. These additional station or signal lights or whistle signals shall, so far as possible, be such that they cannot be mistaken for any light or signal authorized elsewhere under these Rules.
(d) Traffic separation schemes may be adopted by the Organization for the purpose of these Rules.
(e) Whenever the Government concerned shall have determined that a vessel of special construction or purpose cannot comply fully with the provisions of any of these Rules with respect to the number, position, range or arc of visibility of lights or shapes, as well as to the disposition and characteristics of sound-signalling appliances, without interfering with the special function of the vessel, such vessel shall comply with such other provisions in regard to the number, position, range or arc of visibility of lights or shapes, as well as to the disposition and characteristics of sound-signalling appliances, as her Government shall have determined to be the closest possible compliance with these Rules in respect to that vessel.
Rule 2 Responsibility
(a) Nothing in these Rules shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner, master or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to comply with these Rules or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the case.
(b) In construing and complying with these Rules due regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision and to any special circumstances, including the limitations of the vessels involved, which may make a departure from these Rules necessary to avoid immediate danger.
Rule 3 General definitions
For the purpose of these Rules, except where the context otherwise requires:
(a) The word "vessel" includes every description of water craft, including non-displacement craft and seaplanes, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water.
(b) The term "power-driven vessel" means any vessel propelled by machinery.
(c) The term "sailing vessel" means any vessel under sail provided that propelling machinery, if fitted, is not being used.
(d) The term "vessel engaged in fishing" means any vessel fishing with nets, lines, trawls or other fishing apparatus which restrict manoeuvrability, but does not include a vessel fishing with trolling lines or other fishing apparatus which do not restrict manoeuvrability.
(e) The word "seaplane" includes any aircraft designed to manoeuvre on the water.
(f) The term "vessel not under command" means a vessel which through some exceptional circumstance is unable to manoeuvre as required by these Rules and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vessel.
(g) The term "vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre" means a vessel which from the nature of her work is restricted in her ability to manoeuvre as required by these Rules and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vessel.
The following vessels shall be regarded as vessels restricted in their ability to manoeuvre:
(i) a vessel engaged in laying, servicing or picking up a navigation mark, submarine cable or pipeline;
(ii) a vessel engaged in dredging, surveying or underwater operations;
(iii) a vessel engaged in replenishment or transferring persons, provisions or cargo while underway;
(iv) a vessel engaged in the launching or recovery of aircraft;
(v) a vessel engaged in minesweeping operations;
(vi) a vessel engaged in a towing operation such as renders her unable to deviate from her course.
(h) The term "vessel constrained by her draught" means a power-driven vessel which because of her draught in relation to the available depth of water is severely restricted in her ability to deviate from the course she is following.
(i) The word "underway" means that a vessel is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.
(j) The words "length" and "breath" of a vessel mean her length overall and greatest breadth.
(k) Vessels shall be deemed to be in sight of one another only when one can be observed visually from the other.
(l) The term "restricted visibility" means any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog, mist, falling snow, heavy rainstorms, sandstorms or any other similar causes.
PART B STEERING AND SAILING RULES
SECTION I - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN ANY CONDITION OF VISIBILITY
Rule 4 Application
Rules in this Section apply in any condition of visibility.
Rule 5 Look-out
Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper look-out by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision.
Rule 6 Safe speed
Every vessel shall at all times proceed at a safe speed so that she can take proper and effective action to avoid collision and be stopped within a distance appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions.
In determining a safe speed the following factors shall be among those taken into account:
(a) By all vessels:
(i) the state of visibility;
(ii) the traffic density including concentrations of fishing vessels or any other vessels;
(iii) the manoeuvrability of the vessel with special reference to stopping distance and turning ability in the prevailing conditions;
(iv) at night the presence of background light such as from shore lights or from back scatter of her own lights;
(v) the state of wind, sea and current, and the proximity of navigational hazards;
(vi) the draught in relation to the available depth of water.
(b) Additionally, by vessels with operational radar:
(i) the characteristics, efficiency and limitations of the radar equipment;
(ii) any constraints imposed by the radar range scale in use;
(iii) the effect on radar detection of the sea state, weather and other sources of interference;
(iv) the possibility that small vessels, ice and other floating objects may not be detected by radar at an adequate range;
(v) the number, location and movement of vessels detected by radar;
(vi) the more exact assessment of the visibility that may be possible when radar is used to determine the range of vessels or other objects in the vicinity.
Rule 7 Risk of collision
(a) Every vessel shall use all available means appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions to determine if risk of collision exists. If there is any doubt such risk shall be deemed to exist.
(b) Proper use shall be made of radar equipment if fitted and operational, including long-range scanning to obtain early warning of risk of collision and radar plotting or equivalent systematic observation of detected objects.
(c) Assumptions shall not be made on the basis of scanty information, especially scanty radar information.
(d) In determining if risk of collision exists the following considerations shall be among those taken into account:
(i) such risk shall be deemed to exist if the compass bearing of an approaching vessel does not appreciably change,
(ii) such risks may sometimes exist even when an appreciable bearing change is evident, particularly when approaching a very large vessel or a tow or when approaching a vessel at close range.
Rule 8 Action to avoid collision
(a) Any action taken to avoid collision shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, be positive, made in ample time and with due regard to the observance of good seamanship.
(b) Any alteration of course and/or speed to avoid collision shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, be large enough to be readily apparent to another vessel observing visually or by radar; a succession of small alterations of course and/or speed should be avoided.
(c) lf there is sufficient sea room, alteration of course alone may be the most effective action to avoid a close-quarters situation provided that is made in good time, is substantial and does not result in another close-quarters situation.
(d) Action taken to avoid collision with another vessel shall be such as to result in passing at a safe distance. The effectiveness of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is finally past and clear.
(e) If necessary to avoid collision or allow more time to assess the situation, a vessel shall slacken her speed or take all way off by stopping or reversing her means of propulsion.
Rule 9 Narrow channels
(a) A vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or fairway shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel or fairway which lies on her starboard side as is safe and practicable.
(b) A vessel of less than 20 metres in length or a sailing vessel shall not impede the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within a narrow channel or fairway.
(c) A vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any other vessel navigating within a narrow channel or fairway.
(d) A vessel shall not cross a narrow channel or fairway if such crossing impedes the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within such channel or fairway. The latter vessel may use the sound signal prescribed in Rule 34(d) if in doubt as to the intention of the crossing vessel.
(e) (i) In a narrow channel or fairway when overtaking can take place only if the vessel to be overtaken has to take action to permit safe passing, the vessel intending to overtake shall indicate her intention by sounding the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34(c)(i). The vessel to be overtaken shall, if in agreement, sound the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34(c)(ii) and take steps to permit safe passing. If in doubt she may sound the signals prescribed in Rule 34(d).
(ii) This Rule does not relieve the overtaking vessel of her obligation under Rule 13
(f) A vessel nearing a bend or an area of a narrow channel or fairway where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall navigate with particular alertness and caution and shall sound the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34(e).
(g) Any vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid anchoring in a narrow channel
Rule 10 Traffic separation schemes
(a) This Rule applies to traffic separation schemes adopted by the Organization.
(b) A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall:
(i) proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that lane;
(ii) so far as practicable keep clear of a traffic separation line or separation zone;
(iii) normally join or leave a traffic lane at the termination of the lane, but when joining or leaving from the side shall do so at as small an angle to the general direction of traffic flow as practicable.
c) A vessel shall so far as practicable avoid crossing traffic lanes, but if obliged to do so shall cross as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flow.
(d) Inshore traffic zones shall not normally be used by through traffic which can safely use the appropriate traffic lane within the adjacent traffic separation scheme.
(e) A vessel, other than a crossing vessel, shall not normally enter a separation zone or cross a separation line except:
(i) in cases of emergency to avoid immediate danger;
(ii) to engage in fishing within a separation zone.
(f) A vessel navigating in areas near the terminations of traffic separation schemes shall do so with particular caution.
(g) A vessel shall so far as practicable avoid anchoring in a traffic separation scheme or in areas near its terminations.
(h) A vessel not using a traffic separation scheme shall avoid it by as wide a margin as is practicable.
(i) A vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any vessel following a traffic lane.
(j) A vessel of less than 20 metres in length or a sailing vessel shall not impede the safe passage of a power-driven vessel following a traffic lane.
SECTION II - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN SIGHT OF ONE ANOTHER
Rule 11 Application
Rules in this Section apply to vessels in sight of one another.
Rule 12 Sailing vessels
(a) When two sailing vessels are approaching one another, so as to involve risk of collision, one of them shall keep out of the way of the other as follows:
(i) when each has the wind on a different side, the vessel which has the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of the other;
(ii) when both have the wind on the same side, the vessel which is to windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is to leeward;
(iii) if a vessel with the wind on the port side sees a vessel to windward and cannot determine with certainty whether the other vessel has the wind on the port or on the starboard side, she shall keep out of the way of the other.
(b) For the purposes of this Rule the windward side shall be deemed to be the side opposite to that on which the mainsail is carried or, in the case of a square-rigged vessel, the side opposite to that on which the largest fore-and-aft sail is carried.
Rule 13 Overtaking
(a) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Rules of this Section any vessel overtaking any other shall keep out of the way of the vessel being overtaken.
(b) A vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when coming up with another vessel from a direction more than 22.5 degrees abaft her beam, that is, in such a position with reference to the vessel she is overtaking, that at night she would be able to see only the sternlight of that vessel but neither of her sidelights.
(c) When a vessel is in any doubt as to whether she is overtaking another, she shall assume that this is the case and act accordingly.
(d) Any subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels shall not make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these Rules or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clear.
Rule 14 Head-on situation
(a) When two power-driven vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve risk of collision each shall alter her course to starboard so that each shall pass on the port side of the other.
(b) Such a situation shall be deemed to exist when a vessel sees the other ahead or nearly ahead and by night she could see the masthead lights of the other in a line or nearly in a line and/or both sidelights and by day she observes the corresponding aspect of the other vessel.
(c) When a vessel is in any doubt as to whether such a situation exists she shall assume that it does exist and act accordingly.
Rule 15 Crossing situation
When two power-driven vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way and shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other vessel.
Rule 16 Action by give-way vessel
Every vessel which is directed by these Rules to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, so far as possible, take early and substantial action to keep well clear.
Rule 17 Action by stand-on vessel
(a) (i) Where by any of these Rules one of two vessels is to keep out of the way the other shall keep her course and speed.
(ii) The latter vessel may however take action to avoid collision by her manoeuvre alone, as soon as it becomes apparent to her that the vessel required to keep out of the way is not taking appropriate action in compliance with these Rules.
(b) When, from any cause, the vessel required to keep her course and speed finds herself so close that collision cannot be avoided by the action of the give-way vessel alone, she shall take such action as will best aid to avoid collision.
(c) A power-driven vessel which takes action in a crossing situation in accordance with sub-paragraph (a)(ii) of this Rule to avoid collision with another power-driven vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, not alter course to port for a vessel on her own port side.
(d) This Rule does not relieve the give-way vessel of her obligation to keep out of the way.
Rule 18 Responsibilities between vessels
Except where Rules 9, 10 and 13 otherwise require:
(a) A power-driven vessel underway shall keep out of the way of:
(i) a vessel not under command;
(ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre;
(iii) a vessel engaged in fishing;
(iv) a sailing vessel.
(b) A sailing vessel underway shall keep out of the way of:
(i) a vessel not under command;
(ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre;
(iii) a vessel engaged in fishing.
(c) A vessel engaged in fishing when underway shall, so far as possible, keep out of the way:
(i) a vessel not under command;
(ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre.
(d) (i) Any vessel other than a vessel not under command or a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid impeding the safe passage of a vessel constrained by her draught, exhibiting the signals in Rule 28.
(ii) A vessel constrained by her draught shall navigate with particular caution having full regard to her special condition.
(e) A seaplane on the water shall, in general, keep well clear of all vessels and avoid impeding their navigation. In circumstances, however, where risk of collision exists, she shall comply with the Rules of this Part.
SECTION III - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN RESTRICTED VISIBILITY
Rule 19 Conduct of vessels in restricted visibility
(a) This Rule applies to vessels not in sight of one another when navigating in or near an area of restricted visibility.
(b) Every vessel shall proceed at a safe speed adapted to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility. A power-driven vessel shall have her engines ready for immediate manoeuvre.
(c) Every vessel shall have due regard to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility when complying with the Rules of Section I of this Part.
(d) A vessel which detects by radar alone the presence of another vessel shall determine if a close-quarters situation is developing and/or risk of collision exists. If so, she shall take avoiding action in ample time, provided that when such action consists of an alteration of course, so far as possible the following shall be avoided:
(i) an alteration of course to port for a vessel forward of the beam, other than for a vessel being overtaken;
(ii) an alteration of course towards a vessel abeam or abaft the beam.
(e) Except where it has been determined that a risk of collision does not exist, every vessel which hears apparently forward of her beam the fog signal of another vessel, or which cannot avoid a close-quarters situation with another vessel forward of her beam, shall reduce her speed to the minimum at which she can be kept on her course. She shall if necessary take all her way off and in any event navigate with extreme caution until danger of collision is over.
PART C LIGHTS AND SHAPES
Rule 20 Application
(a) Rules in this Part shall be complied with in all weathers.
(b) The Rules concerning lights shall be complied with from sunset to sunrise, and during such times no other lights shall be exhibited, except such lights as cannot be mistaken for the lights specified in these Rules or do not impair their visibility or distinctive character, or interfere with the keeping of a proper look-out.
(c) The lights prescribed by these Rules shall, if carried, also be exhibited from sunrise to sunset in restricted visibility and may be exhibited in all other circumstances when it is deemed necessary.
(d) The Rules concerning shapes shall be complied with by day.
(e) The lights and shapes specified in these Rules shall comply with the provisions of Annex I to these Regulations.
Rule 21 Definitions
(a) "Masthead light" means a white light placed over the fore and aft centreline of the vessel showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 225 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on either side of the vessel.
(b) "Sidelights" means a green light on the starboard side and a red light on the port side each showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 112.5 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on its respective side. In a vessel of less than 20 metres in length the sidelights may be combined in one lantern carried on the fore and aft centreline of the vessel.
(c) "Stern light" means a white light placed as nearly as practicable at the stern showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 135 degrees and so fixed as to show the light 67.5 degrees from right aft on each side of the vessel.
(d) "Towing light" means a yellow light having the same characteristics as the "stern light" defined in paragraph (c) of this Rule.
(e) "All round light" means a light showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 360 degrees.
(f ) "Flashing light" means a light flashing at regular intervals at a frequency of 120 flashes or more per minute.
Rule 22 Visibility of lights
The lights prescribed in these Rules shall have an intensity as specified in Section 8 of Annex I to these Regulations so as to be visible at the following minimum ranges:
(a) In vessels of 50 metres or more in length:
- a masthead light, 6 miles;
- a sidelight, 3 miles;
- a sternlight, 3 miles;
- a towing light, 3 miles;
- a white, red, green or yellow all-round light, 3 miles.
(b) In vessels of 12 metres or more in length but less than 50 metres in length:
- a masthead light, 5 miles; except that where the length of the vessel is less than 20 metres, 3 miles;
- a sidelight, 2 miles;
- a sternlight, 2 miles;
- a towing light, 2 miles;
- a white, red, green or yellow all-round light, 2 miles.
(c) In vessels of less than 12 metres in length:
- a masthead light, 2 miles;
- a sidelight, 1 mile;
- a sternlight, 2 miles;
- a towing light, 2 miles;
- a white, red, green or yellow all-round light, 2 miles.
Rule 23 Power-driven vessels underway
(a) A power-driven vessel underway shall exhibit:
(i) a masthead light forward;
(ii) a second masthead light abaft of and higher than the forward one; except that a vessel of less than 50 metres in length shall not be obliged to exhibit such light but may do so;
(iv) a sternlight.
(b) An air-cushion vessel when operating in the non-displacement mode shall, in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule, exhibit an all-round flashing yellow light.
(c) A power-driven vessel of less than 7 metres in length and whose maximum speed does not exceed 7 knots may, in lieu of the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule, exhibit an all-round white light. Such vessel shall, if practicable, also exhibit sidelights.
Rule 24 Towing and pushing
(a) A power-driven vessel when towing shall exhibit:
(i) instead of the light prescribed in Rule 23(a)(i), two masthead lights forward in a vertical line. When the length of the tow, measuring from the stern of the towing vessel to the after end of the tow exceeds 200 metres, three such lights in a vertical line;
(iii) a sternlight;
(iv) a towing light in a vertical line above the sternlight;
(v) when the length of the tow exceeds 200 metres, a diamond shape where it can best be seen.
(b) When a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a power-driven vessel and exhibit the lights prescribed in Rule 23.
(c) A power-driven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside, except in the case of a composite unit, shall exhibit:
(i) instead of the light prescribed in Rule 23(a)(i), two masthead lights forward in a vertical line;
(iii) a sternlight.
(d) A power-driven vessel to which paragraphs (a) and (c) of this Rule apply shall also comply with Rule 23(a)(ii).
(e) A vessel or object being towed shall exhibit:
(ii) a sternlight;
(iii) when the length of the tow exceeds 200 metres, a diamond shape where it can best be seen.
(f) Provided that any number of vessels being towed or pushed in a group shall be lighted as one vessel,
(i) a vessel being pushed ahead, not being part of a composite unit, shall exhibit at the forward end, sidelights;
(ii) a vessel being towed alongside shall exhibit a sternlight and at the forward end, sidelights.
(g) Where from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel or object being towed to exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph (e) of this Rule, all possible measures shall be taken to light the vessel or object towed or at least to indicate the presence of the unlighted vessel or object.
Rule 25 Sailing vessels underway and vessels under oars
(a) A sailing vessel underway shall exhibit:
(ii) a sternlight.
(b) In a sailing vessel of less than 12 metres in length the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule may be combined in one lantern carried at or near the top of the mast where it can best be seen.
(c) A sailing vessel underway may, in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule, exhibit at or near the top of the mast, where they can best be seen, two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being red and the lower green, but these lights shall not be exhibited in conjunction with the combined lantern permitted by paragraph (b) of this Rule.
(d) (i) A sailing vessel of less than 7 metres in length shall, if practicable, exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) or (b) of this Rule, but if she does not, she shall have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision.
(ii) A vessel under oars may exhibit the lights prescribed in this Rule for sailing vessels, but if she does not, she shall have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision
(e) A vessel proceeding under sail when also being propelled by machinery shall exhibit forward where it can best be seen a conical shape, apex downwards.
Rule 26 Fishing vessels
(a) A vessel engaged in fishing, whether underway or at anchor, shall exhibit only the lights and shapes prescribed in this Rule.
(b) A vessel when engaged in trawling, by which is meant the dragging through the water of a dredge net or other apparatus used as a fishing appliance, shall exhibit:
(i) two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being green and the lower white, or a shape consisting of two cones with their apexes together in a vertical line one above the other; a vessel of less than 20 metres in length may instead of this shape exhibit a basket;
(ii) a masthead light abaft of and higher than the all-round green light; a vessel of less than 50 metres in length shall not be obliged to exhibit such a light but may do so;
(iii) when making way through the water, in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph, sidelights and a sternlight.
(c) A vessel engaged in fishing, other than trawling, shall exhibit:
(i) two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being red and the lower white, or a shape consisting of two cones with apexes together in a vertical line one above the other; a vessel of less than 20 metres in length may instead of this shape exhibit a basket;
(ii) when there is outlying gear extending more than 150 metres horizontally from the vessel, an all-round white light or a cone apex upwards in the direction of the gear;
(iii) when making way through the water, in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph, sidelights and a sternlight.
(d) A vessel engaged in fishing in close proximity to other vessels may exhibit the additional signals described in Annex II to these Regulations.
(e) A vessel when not engaged in fishing shall not exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in this Rule, but only those prescribed for a vessel of her length.
Rule 27 Vessels not under command or restricted in their ability to manoeuvre
(a) A vessel not under command shall exhibit:
(i) two all-round red lights in a vertical line where they can best be seen;
(ii) two balls or similar shapes in a vertical line where they can best be seen;
(iii) when making way through the water, in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph, sidelights and a sternlight.
(b) A vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre, except a vessel engaged in minesweeping operations, shall exhibit:
(i) three all-round lights in a vertical line where they can best be seen. The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red and the middle light shall be white;
(ii) three shapes in a vertical line where they can best be seen. The highest and lowest of these shapes shall be balls and the middle one a diamond;
(iii) when making way through the water, masthead lights, sidelights and a sternlight, in addition to the lights prescribed in sub-paragraph (i);
(iv) when at anchor, in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii), the light, lights or shape prescribed in Rule 30.
(c) A vessel engaged in a towing operation such as renders her unable to deviate from her course shall, in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in sub-paragraph (b)(i) and (ii) of this Rule, exhibit the lights or shape prescribed in Rule 24(a).
(d) A vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations, when restricted in her ability to manoeuvre, shall exhibit the lights and shapes prescribed in paragraph (b) of this Rule and shall in addition, when an obstruction exists, exhibit:
(i) two all-round red lights or two balls in a vertical line to indicate the side on which the obstruction exists;
(ii) two all-round green lights or two diamonds in a vertical line to indicate the side on which another vessel may pass;
(iii) when making way through the water, in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph, masthead lights, sidelights and a sternlight;
(iv) a vessel to which this paragraph applies when at anchor shall exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii) instead of the lights or shape prescribed in Rule 30.
(e) Whenever the size of a vessel engaged in diving operations makes it impracticable to exhibit the shapes prescribed in paragraph (d) of this Rule, a rigid replica of the International Code flag "A" not less than 1 metre in height shall be exhibited. Measures shall be taken to ensure all-round visibility.
(f) A vessel engaged in minesweeping operations shall, in addition to the lights prescribed for a power-driven vessel in Rule 23, exhibit three all-round green lights or three balls. One of these lights or shapes shall be exhibited at or near the foremast head and one at each end of the fore yard. These lights or shapes indicate that it is dangerous for another vessel to approach closer than 1,000 metres astern or 500 metres on either side of the minesweeper.
(g) Vessels of less than 7 metres in length shall not be required to exhibit the lights prescribed in this Rule.
(h) The signals prescribed in this Rule are not signals of vessels in distress and requiring assistance. Such signals are contained in Annex IV to these Regulations.
Rule 28 Vessels constrained by their draught
A vessel constrained by her draught may, in addition to the lights prescribed for power-driven vessels in Rule 23, exhibit where they can best be seen three all-round red lights in a vertical line, or a cylinder.
Rule 29 Pilot vessels
(a) A vessel engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit:
(i) at or near the masthead, two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being white and the lower red;
(ii) when underway, in addition, sidelights and a sternlight;
(iii) when at anchor, in addition to the lights prescribed in sub-paragraph (i), the anchor light, lights or shape.
(b) A pilot vessel when not engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed for a similar vessel of her length.
Rule 30 Anchored vessels and vessels aground
(a) A vessel at anchor shall exhibit where it can best be seen:
(i) in the fore part, an all-round white light or one ball;
(ii) at or near the stern and at a lower level than the light prescribed in sub-paragraph (i), an all-round white light.
(b) A vessel of less than 50 metres in length may exhibit an all-round white light where it can best be seen instead of the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule.
(c) A vessel at anchor may, and a vessel of 100 metres and more in length shall, also use the available working or equivalent lights to illuminate her decks.
(d) A vessel aground shall exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) or (b) of this Rule and in addition, where they can best be seen:
(i) two all-round red lights in a vertical line;
(ii) three balls in a vertical line.
(e) A vessel of less than 7 metres in length, when at anchor or aground, not in or near a narrow channel, fairway or anchorage, or where other vessels normally navigate, shall not be required to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in paragraphs (a), (b) or (d) of this Rule.
Rule 31 Seaplanes
Where it is impracticable for a seaplane to exhibit lights and shapes of the characteristics or in the positions prescribed in the Rules of this Part she shall exhibit lights and shapes as closely similar in characteristics and position as is possible.
PART D SOUND AND LIGHT SIGNALS
Rule 32 Definitions
(a) The word "whistle" means any sound signalling appliance capable of producing the prescribed blasts and which complies with the specifications in Annex III to these Regulations.
(b) The term "short blast" means a blast of about one second's duration.
(c) The term "prolonged blast" means a blast of from four to six seconds' duration.
Rule 33 Equipment for sound signals
(a) A vessel of 12 metres or more in length shall be provided with a whistle and a bell and a vessel of 100 metres or more in length shall, in addition, be provided with a gong, the tone and sound of which cannot be confused with that of the bell. The whistle, bell and gong shall comply with the specifications in Annex III to these Regulations. The bell or gong or both may be replaced by other equipment having the same respective sound characteristics, provided that manual sounding of the required signals shall always be possible.
(b) A vessel of less than 12 metres in length shall not be obliged to carry the sound signalling appliances prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule but if she does not, she shall be provided with some other means of making an efficient sound signal.
Rule 34 Manoeuvring and warning signals
(a) When vessels are in sight of one another, a power-driven vessel underway, when manoeuvring as authorized or required by these Rules, shall indicate that manoeuvre by the following signals on her whistle:
- one short blast to mean "I am altering my course to starboard";
- two short blasts to mean "I am altering my course to port";
- three short blasts to mean "I am operating astern propulsion".
(b) Any vessel may supplement the whistle signals prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule by light signals, repeated as appropriate, whilst the manoeuvre is being carried out:
(i) these light signals shall have the following significance:
- one flash to mean "I am altering my course to starboard";
- two flashes to mean "I am altering my course to port";
- three flashes to mean "I am operating astern propulsion";
(ii) the duration of each flash shall be about one second, the interval between flashes shall be about one second, and the interval between successive signals shall be not less than ten seconds;
(iii) the light used for this signal shall, if fitted, be an all-round white light, visible at a minimum range of 5 miles, and shall comply with the provisions of Annex I.
(c) When in sight of one another in a narrow channel or fairway:
(i) a vessel intending to overtake another shall in compliance with Rule 9(e)(i) indicate her intention by the following signals on her whistle:
- two prolonged blasts followed by one short blast to mean "I intend to overtake you on your starboard side";
- two prolonged blasts followed by two short blasts to mean "I intend to overtake you on your port side".
(ii) the vessel about to be overtaken when acting in accordance with Rule 9(e)(i) shall indicate her agreement by the following signal on her whistle:
- one prolonged, one short, one prolonged and one short blast, in that order.
(d) When vessels in sight of one another are approaching each other and from any cause either vessel fails to understand the intentions or actions of the other, or is in doubt whether sufficient action is being taken by the other to avoid collision, the vessel in doubt shall immediately indicate such doubt by giving at least five short and rapid blasts on the whistle. Such signal may be supplemented by a light signal of at least five short and rapid flashes.
(e) A vessel nearing a bend or an area of a channel or fairway where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall sound one prolonged blast. Such signal shall be answered with a prolonged blast by any approaching vessel that may be within hearing around the bend or behind the intervening obstruction.
(f) If whistles are fitted on a vessel at a distance apart of more than 100 metres, one whistle only shall be used for giving manoeuvring and warning signals.
Rule 35 Sound signals in restricted visibility
In or near an area of restricted visibility, whether by day or night, the signals prescribed in this Rule shall be used as follows:
(a) A power-driven vessel making way through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutes one prolonged blast.
(b) A power-driven vessel underway but stopped and making no way through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutes two prolonged blasts in succession with an interval of about 2 seconds between them.
(c) A vessel not under command, a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre, a vessel constrained by her draught, a sailing vessel, a vessel engaged in fishing and a vessel engaged in towing or pushing another vessel shall, instead of the signals prescribed in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this Rule, sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutes three blasts in succession, namely one prolonged followed by two short blasts.
(d) A vessel towed or if more than one vessel is towed the last vessel of the tow, if manned, shall at intervals of not more than 2 minutes sound four blasts in succession, namely one prolonged followed by three short blasts. When practicable, this signal shall be made immediately after the signal made by the towing vessel.
(e) When a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a power-driven vessel and shall give the signals prescribed in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this Rule.
(f) A vessel at anchor shall at intervals of not more than one minute ring the bell rapidly for about 5 seconds. In a vessel of 100 metres or more in length the bell shall be sounded in the forepart of the vessel and immediately after the ringing of the bell the gong shall be sounded rapidly for about 5 seconds in the after part of the vessel. A vessel at anchor may in addition sound three blasts in succession, namely one short, one prolonged and one short blast, to give warning of her position and of the possibility of collision to an approaching vessel.
(g) A vessel aground shall give the bell signal and if required the gong signal prescribed in paragraph (f) of this Rule and shall, in addition, give three separate and distinct strokes on the bell immediately before and after the rapid ringing of the bell. A vessel aground may in addition sound an appropriate whistle signal.
(h) A vessel of less than 12 metres in length shall not be obliged to give the above-mentioned signals but, if she does not, shall make some other efficient sound signal at intervals of not more than 2 minutes.
(i) A pilot vessel when engaged on pilotage duty may in addition to the signals prescribed in paragraphs (a), (b) or (f) of this Rule sound an identity signal consisting of four short blasts.
Rule 36 Signals to attract attention
If necessary to attract the attention of another vessel any vessel may make light or sound signals that cannot be mistaken for any signal authorized elsewhere in these Rules, or may direct the beam of her searchlight in the direction of the danger, in such a way as not to embarrass any vessel.
Rule 37 Distress signals
When a vessel is in distress and requires assistance she shall use or exhibit the signals prescribed in Annex IV to these Regulations.
PART E EXEMPTIONS
Rule 38 Exemptions
Any vessel (or class of vessels) provided that she complies with the requirements of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1960, the keel of which is laid or which is at a corresponding stage of construction before the entry into force of these Regulations may be exempted from compliance therewith as follows:
(a) The installation of lights with ranges prescribed in Rule 22, until four years after the date of entry into force of these Regulations.
(b) The installation of lights with colour specifications as prescribed in Section 7 of Annex I to these Regulations, until four years after the date of entry into force of these Regulations.
(c) The repositioning of lights as a result of conversion from Imperial to metric units and rounding off measurement figures, permanent exemption.
(d) (i) The repositioning of masthead lights on vessels of less than 150 metres in length, resulting from the prescriptions of Section 3(a) of Annex I, permanent exemption.
(ii) The repositioning of masthead lights on vessels of 150 metres or more in length, resulting from the prescriptions of Section 3(a) of Annex I to these Regulations, until nine years after the date of entry into force of these Regulations.
(e) The repositioning of masthead lights resulting from the prescriptions of Section 2(b) of Annex I, until nine years after the date of entry into force of these Regulations.
(f) The repositioning of sidelights resulting from the prescriptions of Section 3(b) of Annex I, until nine years after the date of entry into force of these Regulations.
(g) The requirements for sound signal appliances prescribed in Annex III, until nine years after the date of entry into force of these Regulations.
To:Ship – Owners / Managers / Operators, Registration Officers (RegOff), Class Societies and Recognised Organisations (RO), SLMARAD Departments (All)Subject:List of Authorised P&I insurance companiesDate:18th of March 2022References:The Merchant Shipping Act, 2003PurposeTo inform all interested parties about the Authorised P&I insurance companies.ApplicationThe following P&I insurance companies are authorised by Sierra Leone Maritime Administration: Accepted International Clubs:• American Steamship Owners Mutual Protection & Indemnity Association, Inc.• Assuranceforeningen SKULD- Skuld (Far East) Ltd• The Britannia Steam Ship Insurance Association Limited• The Japan Ship Owners’ Mutual Protection & Indemnity Association• The London Steam Ship Owner’s Mutual Insurance P&I Club• The North of England Protecting and Indemnity Association Limited• The Shipowner Mutual Protection & Indemnity Association (Luxemburg)• The Standard Steamship Owner’s Protection and Indemnity• The Steamship Mutual Underwriting Association (Bermuda) Limited• The Swedish Club• The United Kingdom Mutual Steam Ship Assurance Association (Bermuda) Limited• The West of England Ship Owners Mutual Insurance Association (Luxembourg)Accepted P&I Clubs which are not members of the International Clubs:• Al-Bahriah Insurance & Reinsurance S.A.L.• AMT Insurance Co• Arsenal Insurance Company• AlfaStrakhovanie PLC• British Marine Managers Ltd• British Steamship Management Limited• Carina Managers• HYDOR (OSLO) UK LIMITED • Ingosstrakh Insurance Company• Maritime Mutual Insurance Association• MS Amlin Marine N.V. (RaetsMarine)• Ping And Property & Casualty Insurance Company of China Ltd• PJSC ROSGOSSTRAKH / ROSGOSSTRAKH Insurance Company• Qbe Hong Kong & Shanghai Insurance Limited• Soglassye Insurance Company Ltd• The East of England P&I Association Ltd• The Korea Shipowners' Mutual Protection & Indemnity Association• Turk P&I• Thomas Miller Specialty Limited• VSK Insurance Company• Absolute Insurance LtdFor additional information please contact SLMARAD firstname.lastname@example.org Revision StatusDateRevisionComments - Changes18/03/20220Initial – Adopted Sierra Leone Maritime Administration – SLMARADinfo@slmarad.com www.slmarad.com
1. The purpose of this Merchant Marine Circular is to inform the list of P&I or Insurers approved by this Administration for the issuance of the Bunker Convention Certificates, PAL and Wreck Removal Convention Certificates.2. On the Blue card, the field labeled “TO” the information to be used is as follows:Panama Maritime AuthorityP.O. Box 0843-0533Balboa, AnconPanama, Republic of Panama3. The list of approved P and I Clubs/Insurers is as follows:1. Absolute Insurance Ltd.2. AEGIS London3. Aigaion Insurance Company S.A.4. Alandia Marine5. Alfa Strakhovanie6. American Steamship Owners Mutual Protection and Indemnity Association, Inc7. Argenta Syndicate Management Limited8. Arsenal LLC9. Assuranceforeningen Gard10. Assuranceforeningen Skuld11. Astra Asigurari S.A.12. Atrium Underwriters Limited 13. Aviation Marine and Transport Insurance Limited (AMT Insurance Ltd.) ex. Investflot Insurance Co. Ltd.14. Al-Bahriah Insurance & Reinsurance S.A.L.15. Beazley P&I Club16. British European & Overseas P&I17. British Marine – (QBE Insurance(Europe) Limited)18. British Steamship Management Limited19. Canopius Managing Agents Syndicate20. Carina21. Catlin Underwriting Agencies Limited22. Central Insurance Company23. CertAsig Insurance and Reinsurance Co. S.A.24. Charterers P&I Club25. Chaucer Syndicate Limited26. China Continent Property & Casualty Insurance Company Ltd.27. China Shipowners Mutual Assurance Association28. China Taiping Insurance (HK) Company Limited29. Chubb Group of Insurance Companies30. Chubb Insurance Company of Canada31. Coastal Marine Mutual Association Ltd.32. Coastal Marine Services Ltd. (CMS)33. Eagle Ocean Marine34. Edinburgharian PANDI Management Limited; approved until 7 September 2022.35. EF MARINE PTE LTD36. Falvey Insurance Service LLC37. Gard P&I (Bermuda) Ltd38. Great American Insurance Group39. Hans Van Berghem40. Hanseatic P&I41. Hanseatic Underwriters42. Hiscox Syndicate Limited43. Hydor44. Indian Ocean Shipowner’s Mutual P& I Club45. Ingosstrakh Ltd.46. Insurance Company Scandinavia47. InterCoastal Shipowners’ P&I B.V.48. ISLAMIC P&I CLUB49. KISH P&I Club50. Korea P&I Club (The Korea Shipowner’s Mutual Protection & Indemnity Association)51. Korea Shipping Association52. Liberty Sindicate Management Limited53. LLC IC Orbita54. Lodestar Marine Limited55. Maritime Mutual Insurance Association (NZ) Limited56. Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance Co., Ltd.57. MS Amlin Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.58. MS Amlin Marine N.V.59. MSIG INSURANCE (VIETNAM) CO., LTD. 60. Navigators P&I61. Noord Nederlandsche62. North Netherlands Protection & Indemnity Association63. North of England P&I DAC (North of England P&I Designated Activity Company)64. PICC Property and Casualty Company Limited65. Ping An Property & Casualty Insurance Company Of China, Ltd.66. Post and Co.67. Progress – Garant (as part of Allianz)68. QBE Europe SA/NV69. QBE Insurance Group Limited70. QBE UK LIMITED71. Rosgosstrakh Insurance Comapny72. Russian Insurance Centre73. Russian P&I Pool74. Safeguard Guarantee Company Ltd75. Shoreline Ltd.76. Skuld Mutual Protection and Indemnity Association (Bermuda) Ltd.77. Sogaz Insurance78. Soglassye Insurance Company79. Sompo Japan Nipponkoa Insurance Inc.80. SOVAG Schwarzmeer und Ostsee Versicherung AG81. Star Underwriting Agents Limited82. Suderland Marine Mutual Insurance Company Limited83. Sunshine Property And Casualty Insurance Co.,Ltd.84. Sveriges Angfartygs Assurans Förening (Swedish Club)85. Talbot Underwriting Limited86. The Britannia Steam Ship Insurance Association Limited87. The East of England P&I Association Ltd.88. The Japan Ship Owners' Mutual Protection & Indemnity Association89. The London Steam-Ship Owners' Mutual Insurance Association Ltd90. The North of England Protecting & Indemnity Association Ltd91. The Shipowners' Mutual Protection & Indemnity Association (Luxembourg)92. The South of England Management AG93. The Standard Club Asia Ltd.94. The Standard Club Ireland DAC95. The Standard Club UK Ltd.96. The Standard Steamship Owners’ Protection & Indemnity Association (Bermuda) Limited97. The Standard Steamship Owners’ Protection and Indemnity Association (London) Ltd.98. The Steamship Mutual Underwriting Association (Bermuda) Limited99. The Steamship Mutual Underwriting Association Ltd.100. The Qeshm International Trust Alliance P&I Club.101. The West of England Ship Owners Mutual Insurance Association (Luxembourg)102. Thomas Miller Specialty Ltd103. Türk P VE I Sigorta Anonim Sirketi104. United Insurance Company of Vietnam105. United Kingdom Mutual Steam Ship Assurance Association (Bermuda) Limited106. United Kingdom Mutual Steam Ship Assurance Association (Europe) Ltd.107. VSK (BCK) ex Military Insurance Company108. Water Quality Insurance Syndicate109. Zurich North America
[insert date]To :[insert name of Owners]The Owners of the [insert name of ship][insert address]Dear SirsShip: [insert name of ship]Voyage: [insert load and discharge ports as stated in the bill of lading]Cargo: [insert description of cargo]Bill of lading: [insert identification numbers, date and place of issue]The above cargo was shipped on the above ship by [insert name of shipper] and consigned to [insert name of consignee or party to whose order the bill of lading is made out, as appropriate] for delivery at the port of [insert name of discharge port stated in the bill of lading] but the bill of lading has not arrived and we, [insert name of party requesting delivery], hereby request you to deliver the said cargo to [insert name of party to whom delivery is to be made] at [insert place where delivery is to be made] without production of the original bill of lading.In consideration of your complying with our above request, we hereby agree as follows :- 1. To indemnify you, your servants and agents and to hold all of you harmless in respect of any liability, loss, damage or expense of whatsoever nature which you may sustain by reason of delivering the cargo in accordance with our request. 2. In the event of any proceedings being commenced against you or any of your servants or agents in connection with the delivery of the cargo as aforesaid, to provide you or them on demand with sufficient funds to defend the same. 3. If, in connection with the delivery of the cargo as aforesaid, the ship, or any other ship or property in the same or associated ownership, management or control, should be arrested or detained or should the arrest or detention thereof be threatened, or should there be any interference in the use or trading of the vessel (whether by virtue of a caveat being entered on the ship's registry or otherwise howsoever), to provide on demand such bail or other security as may be required to prevent such arrest or detention or to secure the release of such ship or property or to remove such interference and to indemnify you in respect of any liability, loss, damage or expense caused by such arrest or detention or threatened arrest or detention or such interference, whether or not such arrest or detention or threatened arrest or detention or such interference may be justified. 4. If the place at which we have asked you to make delivery is a bulk liquid or gas terminal or facility, or another ship, lighter or barge, then delivery to such terminal, facility, ship, lighter or barge shall be deemed to be delivery to the party to whom we have requested you to make such delivery. 5. As soon as all original bills of lading for the above cargo shall have come into our possession, to deliver the same to you, or otherwise to cause all original bills of lading to be delivered to you, whereupon our liability hereunder shall cease. 6. The liability of each and every person under this indemnity shall be joint and several and shall not be conditional upon your proceeding first against any person, whether or not such person is party to or liable under this indemnity. 7. This indemnity shall be governed by and construed in accordance with English law and each and every person liable under this indemnity shall at your request submit to the jurisdiction of the High Court of Justice of England. For and on behalf of[insert name of Requestor]The Requestor
航运术语 - 航运在线 (sol.com.cn) 点击链接，可以查看详细英文术语英文全称中文解释aaaaalways afloat asfas followinga/c acctaccount=chartereracolafter completion of loading a/eaccept/eceptafmtafter fixing main terms固定主要条款之后air draft 水上高度a/oand ora/oand/or和/或a/padditional premium附加保险费apson arrival pilot station到达引航站a/rall risksa/saccount sale销货账a/safter sight远期付款aaalways afloat永远漂浮aa awiwlalways afloat always aitnin institute warranty limitsaaragainst all risks针对所有风险abashirlabashirl纲走aboshiaboshi纲星abvaboveabsamerican bureau of shipping美国船级社abtaboutabtabout大约accacceptance/accepted接受accdgaccording to根据acctaccounter chrsacdgaccordingacolafter completion of loadingacolafter completion of loading装货结束后addaddress/additionaladdcomaddress commission回扣佣金advadvise告知afmtafter fixing main termsafmtafter fixing main terms固定主要条款之后afsparrival first sea pilotag（=pg）arabian gulf （persian gulf）agtagent代理人agtsagentsagwall goes well一切顺利agw/wpall going well/whether permit ahantwerp/hamburgahlaustralian holk ladderahpsarrival harbour pilot stationahpsarrival harbour pilot station到达港口引航站aimsamerican institute of merchant shipping美国商船航运学会aiolaiol相生akitaakita秋田all flgs abt/all dtls abt altalternative amagasakiamagasaki尼崎amelogamerica log amtamoust amwelsh c/p ore-americanized welsh coal charter anananan阿南anchanchorage锚地ansanswer回答anthamantwerp-hamburgaobas on board aohafter office houraohafter office hours工作时间外aomoriaomori青森apadditional premium apall purpose ap装卸共用时间（锚位）apadditional premium附加保险费apsarr pilot station apsarrival pilot stationapsarrival pilot station到达引航站araamsterdam/rotterdam/antwerp rgearby/a 1974 arbitration york antwerp rule arndaroundarngdarrange安排arrarrive到达as explained on tel asapas soon as possible尽可能快地asbaassociation of shipbrokers and agents， inc。（美国）船舶经济人和代理人协会asfas follows如下aspasper 按照asroblafter signing releasing original b/lassmtassignment分类、分配assnassociation协会，团体，联合asstassistant助手，辅助的ataactual time of arrival实际到达时间atcactual time used to countatdactual time of departure实际开航时间atdnany time day or night atdnsat days and nights sunday白天，晚上，星期日的任何时间atdnshincany time day or night sunday loliday includeatdnshincany time， day， night， sundays and holidays included任何时间，白天，夜间，星期日和节假日atmatmosphere天气，气候atsall time saved所有节省时间atsbeall time saved both ends所有两港节省时间atsdoall time saved discharging only所有卸货港节省时间atsloall time saved loading only所有装货港节省时间atsutiatsuti渥美attattention注意auctauction拍卖aussieaustraliaauthoauthorityautoautomobile汽车awtsall wording time saved所有节省的工作时间awtsbeall working time saved both ends所有两港节省的工作时间awtsdoall working time saved discharging only所有卸货港节省的工作时间awtsloall working time saved loading only所有装货港节省的工作时间b/dbreakdown故障b/lbill of lading提单b/obuyers optionb/sbill of sale卖契b/w/aberth/wharf/anchorageb4beforebabuenos airesbabinot above but includingback tradingbagbacking返回balbalince/baltimorebanking daysbarkless logsbbballasting bonusbbballast bonus空航奖金（空放补贴）bbbbefore breaking bulk卸货前b-bondbid bondbbybombaybcbritish columbia/bulk carrierbccabulk chrts consultants australiabcz/bcsbecausebdbiz deptbdsbanking daysbebendboth endsbebends both end beiligerentbendsboth ends两端（装货和卸货港）bgdbagd,baged袋装 bgdbagged袋装 bgroundbkgrounk,backgroundbhpbulk harmlessbidppose chrs to owrsbimcobaltic international maritime conference波罗的海国际航运工会bivbllievebizbuz,businiss bizbusiness业务bkkbangkok曼谷 bldgbuilding大厦blkbulkblk tit slag blockadeblrboiler锅炉bltbuilt建造blybarley blybarley bnkrbunker燃料bodboardbodboard of directorbodbunker of delivery交燃油bod,borbunker on delivery/redelbofabest offerbofabest offer boffersborbunker of redelivery接燃油botrefer to our telex参阅我们的电传boxytype hold box shapebpbritish petrorium bpbunker pricebrato be agreedbran pelletbrebremenbreak bulk bslbills of ladingbsnbusanbsslps basis lumpsum bssbasis基础bstbestbtberth terms(=liner term)btberth terms泊位条款btbback to bulkbtgbulk trading groupbvbureau veritas（french ship classification society）法国船级社bwbrackish waterbyrtnby return
序号资料名称原件/复印件份数备注基础资料1企业法人营业执照（正、副本）复印件1承租人、保证人2公司章程复印件1承租人、保证人3验资报告（如有）复印件1承租人、保证人4企业自身拥有的其他相关资质证明文件（如有）复印件1承租人、保证人5法定代表人身份证，任命文件及履历介绍复印件1承租人、保证人6主要负责人简历（法定代表人、总经理、财务经理简历，包括联系方式及邮箱）复印件1承租人、保证人7公司简介（含子公司介绍）复印件1承租人、保证人8董事会成员和主要负责人、财务负责人名单和签字样本等原件1承租人、保证人财务资料9三年审计报告及最近一期月报（含附注及科目明细）复印件1承租人、保证人10已签订的第三方租约、货运合同复印件1承租人11最新金融机构贷款明细及未来租赁期内还款计划复印件1承租人、保证人12最新对外担保明细复印件1承租人、保证人13三年及最近一期纳税申报表、发票、最近12个月银行流水、施工合同、收入合同及其他经营情况资料（如有）复印件1承租人、保证人租赁物14租赁物清单原件1承租人15船舶国籍证书、管理证书、船级社证书等相关船舶证书复印件1承租人16船舶参数，包括油耗、航速、轻吨（船身钢铁重量）复印件1承租人17船舶最近一期检验报告复印件1承租人18船舶权属凭证（建造合同、发票）复印件1承租人 19买卖交易约定（MOA）、买卖交接手续（PODA、Bill of sale）复印件1 20船舶资产评估报告原件1承租人21船舶主要运营区域介绍复印件1承租人22船舶管理公司信息及商务运营公司信息复印件1承租人其他23融资租赁业务申请表（暂时不用）原件1承租人24非自然人客户受益所有人信息采集表（暂时不用）原件1承租人25业务监督告知书（暂时不用）原件1承租人26异常情况说明（欠息、被执行等情况）复印件1承租人27股东会或董事会等决策机构关于同意融资的决议或同意担保的决议（暂时不用）原件1承租人、保证人28征信授权书及在公司查询的征信报告原件1承租人29其他需说明的资料复印件1承租人
和解协议书 20XX年XX月XXX日长江口外“DH”轮和“ZSY”轮碰撞事故 本和解协议书于2011年1月[●]日在上海由以下协议方签订 协议方： 甲方：BCL（“DH”轮船舶所有人）由 上海XXX律师事务所XXX林律师代表地址： 乙方：ZYB（“ZSY”轮船舶所有人）的合法继承人、受遗赠人、受抚养/扶养人及其权利和义务承继者（统称“船员家属”）,包括但不限于：[●]地址：由上海XXX律师事务所顾健律师代表地址： 一、 鉴于： 20XX年X月XX日，“DH”轮与“ZSY”轮在长江口发生碰撞，致“ZSY”轮沉没，“DH”轮受损（以下简称“碰撞事故”）。 甲方是事故当时“DH”轮的注册船东，ZYB为事故当时“ZSY”轮的所有人，协议各方声明并保证事故当时碰撞船舶均没有被光租，若违反该保证应向对方承担损害赔偿责任。 2010年X月XX日，就碰撞事故给或可能给乙方造成的除人身伤亡之外的其他损失，甲方向乙方提供由XXX保险（中国）有限公司出具的金额为人民币XXX万元（大写：贰佰玖拾万圆整）的信誉担保函（以下简称“担保函”）。 2010年X月，乙方就碰撞事故向甲方提起碰撞财产损害索赔，要求甲方赔偿经济损失人民币XXX万元；同时，甲方就碰撞事故向乙方提起碰撞财产损害索赔，要求乙方赔偿经济损失人民币XXX万元。 二、甲、乙双方经友好协商，达成和解协议如下： 甲方同意支付，乙方同意接受人民币[●]万元（大写：人民币[●]元整，以下简称“和解款”），作为甲方与乙方之间就题述碰撞事故所引起的或可能引起的除人身伤亡索赔之外所有的、任何性质或形式索赔、纠纷的全部的和最终的解决。 甲方同意在本协议生效之日起10个银行工作日内向乙方指定的如下收款账号全额支付和解款。 户名：[●]开户银行：[●]开户银行地址：[●]账号： [●]行号：[●] 甲方、乙方不可撤消地确认并同意，在乙方指定账号收到甲方安排支付的和解款后，本协议书第一条第3款所述的由民安保险（中国）有限公司出具的担保函立即失效；乙方应在乙方指定账号收到甲方安排支付的和解款后3个工作日内向甲方签署“《收据和免除责任确认书》”（格式见附件1），并向甲方签约代表返还本协议书第一条第3款所述的的担保函原件。 乙方收到赔偿款项后，保证不在任何管辖地以碰撞事故引起无论任何性质或形式的索赔为由，扣留或以其他方式滞留“DH”轮或与该轮属于同一船东、股份船东、经营人或管理人的其他任何船舶或财产，不再因任何事由或理由就题述事故要求甲方承担无论任何性质/形式的赔偿责任。 乙方收到和解款项后，协议各方相互保证不再为题述碰撞事故向对方提出无论任何性质或形式的索赔，不得向任何法院或仲载机构对对方提出无论任何性质或形式的诉讼或仲裁或财产保全申请，不再就题述碰撞事故引起的任何索赔为获得担保或达到任何其他目而对当事船舶或与该轮属同一船东、股份船东、经营人、管理人或其继承人、权利和义务承受者的其他任何船舶或财产进行扣押、留置。同时，协议各方相互保证立即并永久地解除对方因题述碰撞事故引起的、现有的或将来可能引起的无论任何性质或形式的责任、请求、索赔和诉讼。 乙方收到赔偿款项后，保证“ZSY”轮利益方的每一成员（包括但不限于船舶所有人的合法继承人、受遗赠人、受抚养/扶养人及其权利和义务承继者）不会就题述碰撞事故向甲方提起无论任何性质及/或原因的索赔，否则乙方列名成员应连带赔偿甲方因此而遭受的所有损失。 乙方收到赔偿款后，赔偿款项具体在乙方继承方内部的分配与甲方无关。乙方保证不会因和解款在乙方内部分配而产生的无论任何性质或形式的争议而向甲方及其雇员、代理人、“DH”轮船东、姊妹船、船长、船员、租船人、管理人、经营人、保险人、保赔协会等提起无论任何性质或形式的索赔。 协议各方一致同意并确认，本和解协议并不意味着协议各方对任何责任的承认。 乙方在本协议书中的全体列名成员不可撤销地保证：他们为XXX先生所有的第一序位法定继承人，已获得全体船员家属的合法的、有效和充分的授权；他们绝对且唯一有权代表乙方为题述碰撞事故提出非人身伤亡索赔并接受和解款；没有任何第三方可为题述碰撞事故向甲方提出非人身伤亡索赔。若违反本款保证，乙方在本协议书中的全体列名成员应就甲方因此所遭受的损失及费用（包括为进行抗辩而支出的所有费用）承担连带赔偿责任，并消除损害。 签署本和解协议书的各方代表不可撤消地保证，其已经各自一方当事人和/或权利人和/或利益人充分的、合法的授权，有权签署本和解协议书，否则应向协议相对方承担赔偿责任。 若因本协议的履行或与本协议履行有关的事宜而产生争议，由上海海事法院及其上诉法院管辖并适用中华人民共和国法律。 本协议壹式贰份，甲、乙双方各持一份，自最后一方签约代表签字/盖章时生效，各份协议具有同等效力。 签署： 甲方：BCL 授权签约代表：上海XX律师事务所XXX律师 签字： 日期：2011年1月 日 乙方：ZYB（“DH”轮船舶所有人）的全体合法继承人、受遗赠人、受抚养/扶养人及其权利和义务承继者 包括但不限于：1. [●] 授权签约代表：上海XXX律师事务所XXX律师 签字： 日期：2011年1月 日收据和免除责任确认书 20XX年X月XX日长江口海域“DH”轮和“ZSY”轮碰撞事故 致：BCL（ “DH”轮船舶所有人） 就题述事故，鉴于我们已于2011年[●]月[●]日收到贵方支付的人民币[●]万元（大写：人民币[●]元整”）的 和解款，我们，ZYB（“ZSY”轮船舶所有人）的所有合法继承人、受遗赠人、受抚养/扶养人及其权利和义务承继者（统称“船员家属”），作为全部且唯一有权就题述事故向贵司提出索赔的人员在此不可撤销的确认并保证永久免除/解除贵司及其雇员、代理人、“DH”轮船舶、姊妹船、船长、船员、租船人、光船租船人、管理人、经营人、保险人、保赔协会和任何“DH’轮利益有关方（以下统称为“被解除方”）因题述事故导致“ZSY”轮沉没而产生的无论任何性质/形式的赔偿责任，包括一切索赔、要求、活动及诉讼。 以下签署者不可撤销的保证其已获得全体船员家属的有效的、合法和充分的授权，且保证有权代表全体船员家属就题述事故提出非人身伤亡索赔的和接受和解款。 签署 上海XX律师事务所XXXXX律师（签名/律所所章） 代表ZYB（“DH”轮船舶所有人）的合法继承人、受遗赠人、受抚养/扶养人及其权利和义务承继者 包括但不限于：1. [●]日期：2011年 月 日
协助公司经理，完成业务文书整理，业务主要为国际航线海运类业务，包括Email 处理客户邮件（注：大部分邮件为英语，需要英语读写流利）。要求：1、 英语六级；2、 热情开朗，善于沟通，乐于助人；3、 海事院校或者英语专业为佳4、 有二年以上工作经验为佳待遇： 1、 底薪 8000 +（有工作经验详谈）；2、 每周五天，固定节假日，自由安排年假10天/年；3、 良好的学习氛围，良好的月度奖励、年度奖励工作地址： 上海市杨浦区北美广场联系方式： 在线联系，会尽快回复
毕业于湖南株洲海事职业技术学校， 湖南岳阳人，现在取得油化机工证书电话： 18478309881退役军人，作风正派。 证书见附件
湖南岳阳人，退伍军人，作风正派， 1992年， 有焊工中级职称， 现取得油化船员机工证书电话： 189 7504 7252
船舶前往阿联酋，目前他们港口接受的保险公司只有 IG 13大协会， 加上附件商业保险公司1、British Marine2、Hydor3、Ingosstrakh4、KPI Korea shipowner's Mutual P&I5、MS Amlin Insurance SE6、MM