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散货租船术语简称大全(三)

上一篇:集装箱租赁合同操作实务         下一篇:散货租船术语简称大全(二)
分类:租船事务 发布时间:2014-12-04 15:45:12 来源: 浏览: 收藏 正文点这评论:(0人参与)

EBB         A receeding current  

EC          East Coast  

EIU         Even If Used  

ELVENT      Electric Ventilation  

ETA         Estimated Time of Arrival - the projected date and time a shipment is scheduled to arrive 

at its destination.  

ETC         Estimated Time of Completion 

ETD         Estimated Time of Departure - the projected date and time a shipment is scheduled  

to depart from the port/airport of origin.  

ETS         Estimated Time of Sailing  

EXW         Ex Works  

FAC         Fast as can  

FAS         Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of 

 embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading  

FCA         Free to Carrier. A modern equivalent of FAS used in intermodal transport where goods 

 are transferred at a nominated forwarders premises, depot or terminal but not actually on board vessel. 

FCL         Full Container Load - a container that is fully loaded by cargo, occupying all space,  

or loaded to the maximum permissable weight. It can contain cargo from multiple shippers, but normally 

is consigned to the same consignee. The shipment is expected to be delivered to the consignee with the 

shipper’s seal intact.  

FD (FDIS)   Free Discharge  

FDD         Freight Demurrage Deadfreight  

FDESP       Free Despatch  

FDEDANRSAOCLONL Freight Deemed Earned, Discountless And Non-Returnable (Refundable) 

 Ship And Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost  

FENDER      A cushion, placed between ships, or between a ship and a pier, to prevent damage  

FEU         Standard 40’ Container, forty-foot equivalent unit, a standard size intermodal container.  

FHEX        Fridays/Holidays Excluded  

FHINC       Fridays/Holidays Included  

FILO        Free In/Liner Out. Seafreight with which the shipper pays load costs and the carrier 

pays for discharge costs.  

FIO         Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the seafreight, but no loading/discharging costs,  

i.e. the charterer pays        for cost of loading/discharging cargo.  

FIOS        Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but excludes stowage costs.  

FIOST       Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo,  

including stowage and trimming.  

FIOT        Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming, e.g. the levelling of  

bulk cargoes. FIOS includes seafreight, but excludes loading/discharging and stowage costs.  

FIT         Free In Trimmed  

FIW         Free In Wagon  

FIXING      Chartering a Vessel  

FIXTURE     Conclusion of shipbrokers negotiations to charter a ship - an agreement  

FLATPACKING Cargo to be presented stacked and secured as an integral unit.  

FLT         Full Liner Terms  

FMC         Federal Maritime Commission  

FME         Force Majeure Excepted  

FMS         Fathoms  

FO          For Orders  

FO(IFO)     Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO  

FO          Free Out 

FOB         Free on Board. Seller sees the goods "over the ship’s rail" on to the ship which is  

arranged and paid for by the buyer  

FOFFER      Firm Offer  

FOG         For Our Guidance  

FOQ         Free On Quay  

FOR         Free On Rail  

FORCE       MAJEURE Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers  

of cargo.  

FORE-AND-AFT In a line parallel to the keel  

FORWARD     Toward the bow of the ship  

FOT         Free On Truck  

FOW         First Open Water  

FOW         Free On Wharf  

FP          Free Pratique. Clearance by the Health Authorities  

FR          First Refusal. First attempt at best offer that can be matched  

FREEBOARD   The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale  

FRT         Freight. Money payable on delivery of cargo in a mercantile condition  

FREE        DESPATCH If loading/discharging achieved sooner than agreed, there will be no 

 freight money returned.  

FREE        EXINS Free of any Extra Insurance (Owners)  

FREE        OUT Free of discharge costs to owners. Includes seafreight only.  

FRUSTRATION Charterers when cancelling agreement sometimes quote ’doctrine of frustration’ 

i.e. vessel is lost, extensive delays.  

FWAD        Fresh Water Arrival Draft  

FWDD        Fresh Water Departure Draft  

FYG         For Your Guidance  

FYI         For Your Information  

GA          General Average  

GEAR        A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment  

GLS (GLESS) Gearless  

GNCN Gencon (GENERAL CONDITIONS)  

GN (or GR) Grain (Capacity)  

GO          Gas Oil  

GP          Grain Capacity. Cubic capacity in ’grain’  

GR          Geographical Rotation. Ports in order of calling  

GRD         Geared  

GRI         General Rate Increase. Used to describe an across-the-board tariff rate increase 

 implemented by conference members and applied to base rates.  

GRT         Gross Registered Tonnage  

GSB         Good, Safe Berth  

GSP         Good, Safe Port  

GTEE        Guarantee  

GUNWALE     The upper edge of a ship’s sides  

2H          Second Half  

HA          Hatch  

HAGUE       RULES Code of minimum conditions for the carriage of cargo under a Bill of Lading  

HATCH       An opening in a ship’s deck fitted with a watertight cover  

HBF         Harmless Bulk Fertilizer  

HDLTSBENDS Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends  

HDWTS       Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time Saved  

HHDW        Handy Heavy d.w. (Scrap)  

HIRE        T/C Remuneration  

HMS         Heavy Metal Scraps  

HO Hold  

HOLD        A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo  

HULL        The main body of a ship  

HW          High Water  

ICW         Intercoastal Waterway : bays, rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the  

Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into the sea  

IMDG        International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code  

IMO         International Maritime Organisation  

IN &/OR OVER        Goods carried below and/or on deck  

INCOTERMS   (Refer to comments in covering statement on front page A-F)  

IND         Indication  

INTERMODAL Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and  

air within a single journey  

ITF         International Transport Workers Federation (Trade Unions). Complies on crewing  

ISPS        International Ships and Port Security System  

ITINERARY   Route.Schedule  

IU          If Used  

IUHTAUTC    If Used, Half Time Actually To Count  

IWL         Institute Warranty Limits  

KEEL        The centreline of a ship running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel  

KNOT        A measurement of speed equal to one nautical mile (6,076 feet) per hour  

LANE        METER A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby  

each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width. 

LASH        To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.  

LAT         Latitude. The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.  

LAYCAN      Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)  

LAYTIME     Time at Charterers disposal for purpose of loading/discharging  

L/C         Letter of Credit  

LCL         Less than Container Load - a shipment that takes up only a portion of a  

consolidated container. LCL shpts are to be picked up at a CFS only, whereas FCL are 

 to be picked up at a container yard/terminal.  

LCR         Lowest Current Rate  

LEE         The side sheltered from the wind  

LEEWARD     The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward  

LEEWAY      The sideways movement of the ship caused by either wind or current  

LF          Load Factor. Percentage of cargo or passengers carries e.g. 4,000 tons carried 

on a vessel of 10,000 capacity has a load factor of 40%  

LIEN        Retention of property until outstanding debt is paid  

LNG         Liquefied Natural Gas  

LOA         Length Overall of the vessel  

LOAD        LINE See PLIMSOLL LINE  

LOF         Lloyds Open Form  

LOG         A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed  

LOI         Letter of Indemnity  

LONGITUDE   The distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England  

LOW         Last Open Water  

LS (or LUMPS)         Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to Shipper for a charter of a ship  

(or portion) up to stated limit irrespective of quantity of cargo  

LSD         Lashed Secured Dunnaged  

LT          Liner Terms  

LT          Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram (2,240 lbs)  

LTHH        Liner Terms Hook/Hook  

LW          Low Water  

LYCN        Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)  

MANIFEST    Inventory of cargo on board  

MB          Merchant Broker  

MDO (DO)    Marine Diesel Oil  

MIDSHIP     Approximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern  

MIN/MAX     Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)  

MOA         Memorandum of Agreement  

MOLCHOPT    More or Less Charterers Option  

MOLOO       More or Less Owners Option  

MOORING     An arrangement for securing a ship to a mooring buoy or pier  

MT Mertic   Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos)  

M/V         Motor Vessel / Merchant Vessel  

NAABSA      Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground  

NM Nautical Mile. One minute of latitude; approximately 6,076 feet - about 1/8 longer than the  

statute mile of 5,280 feet  

NAVIGATION The art and science of conducting a ship safely from one point to another  

NCB         National Cargo Bureau  

NESTING     Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped  

cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates. This is particularly relevant in the presentation 

 of tankage strakes for transport  

NON-REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then  

saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.  

NOR         Notice of Readiness  

NRT         Net Restricted Tonnage  

NYPE        New York Produce Exchange  

OO          Owners Option  

OBO         Ore/Bulk/Oil Vessel  

OSH         Open Shelter Deck  

OVERBOARD   Over the side or out of the ship  

OWS         Owners  

P&I         Protection and Indemnity Insurance  

PASTUS      Past Us  

PC          Period of Charter  

PCGO        Part Cargo  

PCT         Percent  

PDPR        Per Day Pro Rata  

PERDIEM     By the Day  

PER         SE By Itself  

PHPD        Per Hatch Per Day  

PLIMSOLL MARK 

alt. 

PLIMSOLL LINE 

alt. 

LOAD        LINE An internationally recognised line painted on the side of merchant ships.  

When a ship is loaded, the water level is not supposed to go above the line. Water can reach 

 different parts of the line as its temperature and saltiness varies with the season and  

location. From where Plimsoll Shipping derived its name.  

PORT        The left side of a ship looking forward. A harbour.  

PRATIQUE    Licence or permission to use a port  

PREAMBLE    Introduction to a charter party  

PROFORMA    Estimated Account  

PUS         Plus Us  

PWWD        Per Weather Working Day  

RCVR        Receiver  

RECAP       Recapitulation of the terms and conditions agreed  

REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected at load port,  

then days saved can be added to discharge operations.  

ROB         Remaining On Board  

RT          Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric tonne or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater).  

The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. 

 The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.  

SATPM       Saturday P.M.  

SB          Safe Berth  

SD (or SID) Single Decker  

SEAFREIGHT Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover haulage or  

loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only  

SEAWORTHINESS     Statement of condition of the vessel (valid certificates, fully equipped  

and manned etc.)  

SELFD       Self Discharging  

SEMI-TRAILERS     Are usually 12.0 meter flat bed road trailers  

SF          Stowage Factor. Cubic space (measurement tonne) occupied by one tone 

 (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo  

SHINC       Sundays/Holidays Included  

SHEX        Sundays/Holidays Excluded  

SHPR        Shipper - the party in whose name a contract of carriage of goods has been concluded  

with at carrier or any party by whom, in whose name or on whose behalf the goods are actually  

delivered to the carrier in relation to the contract of carriage.  

SKIDS       Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under the cargo to enable forklift  

handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.  

SN          Satellite Navigation - A form of position finding using radio transmissions from satellites  

with sophisticated on-board automatic equipment  

SOC         Shipper Owned Container  

SOF         Statement of Facts  

SP          Safe Port  

SPIDERING   Is the strengthening of circular tanks for transport, this prevents the tanks from  

becoming warped. The tanks are strengthened with steel or wood crossbeams giving a "spider"  

appearance  

SRBL        Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading  

SSHEX       Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded  

SSHINC (or SATSHINC)      Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included  

STABILITY   It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all aspects at all times. When cargo  

is loaded/discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight  

and position of cargo within the vessel.  

STARBOARD   Right side of a ship when facing the front or forward end.  

STEM        Subject to Enough Merchandise (Availability of cargo). Also, the forward most part  

of the bow.  

STERN       The aformost or after part of a ship  

SUB         Subject (to). Depending upon as a condition  

SUPERCARGO Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper 

 of goods to supervise cargo handling    operations. Often called a port captain.  

SWAD        Salt Water Arrival Draft  

SWDD        Salt Water Departure Draft  

THWARTSHIPS At right angles to the centreline of the ship  

TIDE        ,The periodic rise and fall of water level in the oceans  

TIME        BAR Time after which legal claims will not be entered  

TBN         To Be Named / To Be Nominated  

TC          Time Charter - Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time  

and provide technical management, crewing etc.  

TCP         Time Charter Party  

TEU         Standard 20’ Container, twenty-foot equivalent unit, a standard size intermodal 

 container.  

TOPSIDES    The sides of a ship between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to 

 onto or above the deck  

T/S         Transhipment - a shipping arrangement in which a shipment is discharged of the 

 vessel at an intermediate port enroute and subsequently reloaded to another vessel for carriage to 

 its final destinationl  

TRIM        Fore and aft balance of a ship  

TTL         Total  

TW          Tween Decker  

USC         Unless Sooner Commenced  

UU          Unless Used  

UUIWCTAUTC Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count  

VPD         Vessel Pays Dues  

WATERLINE   A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a ship sinks when  

it is properly trimmed  

WAY         Movement of a ship through water such as headway, sternway or leeway  

WCCON       Whether Customs Cleared Or Not  

WIBON       Whether In Berth Or Not  

WIFPON      Whether In Free Pratique Or Not  

WINDWARD    Toward the direction from which the wind is coming  

WIPON       Whether In Port Or Not  

WLTOHC      Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming  

WOG         Without Guarantee  

WP          Weather Permitting. That time during which weather prevents working shall not 

 count as laytime  

WPD         Weather Permitting Day  

WWD         Weather Working Day  

WRIC        Wire Rods In Collis  

WWR         When, Where Ready  

WWWW        Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon  

YAR         York Antwerp Rules  

YAW         To swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea  

Z           UTC = GMT




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