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International Navigating Conditions 1/11/03 国际航行区域

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分类:船壳保险 发布时间:2017-02-06 11:40:09 来源: 浏览: 收藏 正文点这评论:(0人参与)

 INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATING CONDITIONS (01/11/03) 

详细原文链接 

LMBC Bulletin 79.2003 -International Navigating Conditions 1.11.03.docx

1. NAVIGATING LIMITS 

Unless and to the extent otherwise agreed by the Underwriters in accordance with Clause 3 below, the vessel shall not enter, navigate or remain in the areas specified below at any time or, where applicable, between the dates specified below (both days inclusive):  

Area 1 - Arctic (a) North of 70°N. Lat.  

(b) Barents Sea  

except for calls at Kola Bay, Murmansk or any port or place in Norway, provided that the vessel does not enter, navigate or remain north of 72°30’ N. Lat. or east of 35° E. Long. 

Area 2 – Northern Seas  (a) White Sea. 

(b) Chukchi Sea. 

Area 3 - Baltic (a) Gulf of Bothnia north of a line between Umea (63° 50’ N. Lat.) and Vasa (63° 06’ N. Lat.) between 10th December and 25th May. 

(b) Where the vessel is equal to or less than 90,000 DWT, Gulf of Finland east of 28° 45’ E. Long. between 15th December and 15th May.  

(c) Vessels greater than 90,000 DWT may not enter, navigate or remain in the Gulf of Finland east of 28° 45’ E. Long. at any time. 

(d) Gulf of Bothnia, Gulf of Finland and adjacent waters north of 59° 24’ N. Lat. between 8th January and 5th May, except for calls at Stockholm, Tallinn or Helsinki. 

(e) Gulf of Riga and adjacent waters east of 22° E. Long. and south of 59° N. Lat. between 28th December and 5th May. Area 4 - Greenland Greenland territorial waters. Area 5 – North America (east) (a) North of 52° 10’ N. Lat. and between 50° W. Long. and 100° W. Long. 

(b) Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence River and its tributaries (east of Les Escoumins), Strait of Belle Isle (west of Belle Isle), Cabot Strait (west of a line between Cape Ray and Cape North)and Strait of Canso (north of the Canso Causeway), between 21st December and 30th April. (c) St. Lawrence River and its tributaries (west of Les Escoumins) between 1st December and 30th April. 

(d)  St. Lawrence Seaway. 

(e) Great Lakes. 

Area 6 – North America (west) 

(a) North of 54° 30’ N. Lat. and between 100° W. Long. and 170° W. Long. 

 


 

(b) Any port or place in the Queen Charlotte Islands or the Aleutian Islands. 

Area 7 – Southern Ocean South of 50°S. Lat. except within the triangular area formed by rhumb lines drawn between the following points  

(a) 50° S. Lat.; 50° W. Long.  

(b) 57° S. Lat.; 67° 30’ W. Long. 

(c) 50° S Lat.; 160° W. Long. 

Area 8 – Kerguelen/Crozet Territorial waters of Kerguelen Islands and Crozet Islands. 

Area 9 – East Asia (a) Sea of Okhotsk north of 55° N. Lat. and east of 140° E. Long. between 1st November and 1st June.  

(b) Sea of Okhotsk north of 53° N. Lat. and west of 140° E. Long. between 1st November and 1st June. 

(c) East Asian waters north of 46°N. Lat. and west of the Kurile Islands and west of the Kamchatka Peninsula between 1st December and 1st May.  Area 10 – Bering Sea Bering Sea except on through voyages and provided that  

(a) the vessel does not enter, navigate or remain north of 54° 30’ N. Lat.; and 

(b) the vessel enters and exits west of Buldir Island or through the Amchitka, Amukta or Unimak Passes; and 

(c) the vessel is equipped and properly fitted with two independent marine radar sets, a global positioning system receiver  (or Loran-C radio positioning receiver), a radio transceiver and GMDSS, a weather facsimile recorder (or alternative equipment for the receipt of weather and routeing information) and a gyrocompass, in each case to be fully operational and manned by qualified personnel; and  

(d) the vessel is in possession of appropriate navigational charts corrected up to date, sailing directions and pilot books. 

2. BREACH OF NAVIGATING LIMITS 

In the event the vessel is in breach of Clause 1 above, the Underwriters shall not be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense arising out of or resulting from an accident or occurrence during the period of breach, unless notice is given to the Underwriters immediately after receipt of advices of such breach and any amended terms of cover and any additional premium required by them are agreed. 

3. PERMISSION FOR AREAS SPECIFIED IN NAVIGATING LIMITS 

The vessel may breach Clause 1 above and Clause 2 shall not apply, provided always that the Underwriters’ prior permission shall have been obtained and any amended terms of cover and any additional premium required by the Underwriters are agreed.  

 

Comparison between International Navigating Conditions (1/11/03) and the Institute Warranties (1/7/76)

Area 1 - Arctic 1 (a) Navigating provisions unchanged. 1 (b) Murmansk is accessible all year round and was unrestricted under IWC 1/7/76 . Norwegian Ports below 72º 30 N are clarified as unrestricted. Svalbard (major port Spitzbergen) and Bear Island are clarified as restricted.

Area 2 - Northern Seas 2 (a) Navigating provisions unchanged. 2 (b) Clarified as only part of Chukchi Sea is above the North of 70º N Lat. restriction. Bottom part of Chukchi Sea runs into Area 10 Bering Sea. (See Maps for further information)

Area 3 - Baltic 3 (a) The cut off point was Mo 63º 24 and is now Umea 63º 50N, a more significant port and more easily identified on maps. Its latitude matches that used in the Norwegian plan. 3 (b) & (c) Major change is the restriction of vessels in excess of 90,000 dwt. With only two exceptions, all current vessels smaller than 90,000 take a draft of less than 15m. This is to take account of the increased use of Russian port of Primorsk. Hydrographic surveys of the approach from Seskar island into Primorsk indicate depths as low as 15m draft. Additionally, the berthing facilities at Primorsk can only accommodate ships with a maximum draft of 15m. Hydrographic charts may be requested by underwriters to give an additional comfort factor. 3 (d) Line moved slightly above Stockholm to allow slightly different approaches. The facility to make unrestricted calls to Stockholm all year round is unchanged. Helsinki has also been included as an unrestricted port. Although ice can be an issue for this port, the pilotage and icebreaking facilities are excellent. 3 (e) Navigating provisions unchanged.

Area 4 - Greenland territorial waters The only amendment has been the inclusion of "territorial" to clarify the extent of Greenland's waters. The territorial limits are those defined by the United Nations under "Order No.191 of 27 May 1963 on the Delimitation of the Territorial Sea of Greenland" and essentially are three nautical miles from the boundary line. Further details can be found within the UN website page:

www.Un.org/Depts/los/LEGISLATIONANDTREATIES/PDFFILES/DNK_1963_Order.pdf

Area 5 – North America (east) Areas 5 & 6 were dealt with by the old Institute Warranty areas 1 (a) (i), (ii), (iii) and (b) and (d). North American waters have now been split into two distinct areas, East and West. The line of Longitude 100°W Long splits the continent in two and is a clear line of demarcation between the North America (east) and North America (west) Navigating Limits.  5 (a) The use of co-ordinates clearly and unambiguously define the limits of navigation. The co-ordinates 52° 10’N. Lat and 50° W. Long are unchanged from the old Institute Warranties.  Reference to Atlantic Coast of North America its rivers or adjacent islands” has been deleted. 5 (b) The Gulf of St Lawrence and all the entry points to the Gulf of St Lawrence have been specifically named. The intention is to give greater clarity to underwriters as to where the Navigating Limits begin and end. 

 The St Lawrence River is included up to Les Escoumins (48° 21’N Lat and 69° 23’W Long) within 5 (b) as this marks the point where compulsory pilotage begins for further westbound navigation along the St Lawrence River. The dates are unchanged. These correspond closely with the dates for the beginning and end of the ice season in an average winter. 5 (c) The St Lawrence River is navigable with a pilot year round as far as Montreal. To go west of Montreal requires entering the St Lawrence Seaway and this is dealt with separately in Area 5 (d). 1st December is a good guide to the onset of the ice season and the removal of night navigation buoys.  In an average year the St Lawrence River should be clear of ice by April.  The dates are unchanged from IWC 1/7/76, and were retained as markers after consultation with charterers.

5 (d) The St Lawrence Seaway is a clearly defined navigable waterway which connects the St Lawrence River with Lake Ontario. It has been delineated separately as it merits separate consideration due to the risk of contact with lock gates and lock walls.  The annual winter closing of the St Lawrence Seaway until the spring re-opening limits winter navigation and defines the trading season, hence no dates are specified. 5 (e) The Great Lakes are stipulated separately and merit consideration due to the risk of contact with locks and grounding as well as ice damage over the winter months.  This remains a year-round exclusion as under IWC 1/7/76.

Area 6 – North America (west) 6 (a) This corresponds to Institute Warranty area 1(d).  The area is now clearly defined in terms of latitude and longitude.  The area to the west of 100°W Long is now referred to as North America (west).  54° 30’N Lat remains unchanged from the old Institute Warranties and is very close to the border between British Columbia, Canada and Alaska, USA. 6 (b) The Queen Charlotte Islands were excluded under IWC 1/7/76 and remain outside the revised Navigating Limits.  They are now identified specifically as they are south of 54° 30’N Lat and so not included in 6 (a) above. The Aleutian Islands are now identified specifically as part of this chain is south of 54° 30’N Lat.  They were in any case excluded previously by virtue of Institute Warranty (4). Bering Sea transits are referred to in Area (10) below.

Area 7 – Southern Ocean This deals with most of Institute Warranty (5) and removes a potential ambiguity under IWC 1/7/76 by excluding the sea area south of 50° S Lat.  The intent of the exceptions defined by 7(a), (b) and (c) is, as previously, to allow Southern Ocean voyages around Cape Horn.  A rhumb line is a standard nautical term and the rhumb lines chosen allow for all known great circle routes through the Southern Ocean as well as calls to places in Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands. 

Area 8 - Kerguelen / Crozet

These remote islands have been isolated from the Southern Oceans area for clarity. Unexploded mines dating from World War II are still a hazard in several parts of the Kerguelen archipelago.  

Area 9 – East Asia

9 (a) and (b) Area was completely excluded for navigation under IWC 1/7/76. Now navigation is allowed between 1st June and 1st November. This is effectively the summer season when the area is ice free, ice being the peril of concern. This area has been defined as Sea of Okhotsk for clarification rather than simply East Asian Waters. This area was excluded under the IWC 1/7/76 mainly because very little was known about it until post Soviet era information became available. The season for navigation is shorter than for area (c) due to the longer winter season within the region. The major port in the area is Magadan. 9 (c) The area was completely excluded. In order to better define the intended area for consideration the narrative “West of the Kurile Islands” has been added for clarity. The period for navigation is 1st May to 1st December which is the summer season. As with area (a) little was known about the area until the end of the Soviet era. The major peril is ice with the winter season being shorter than for area (a). The major ports in the area are Kholmsk, Khorsakov, Vanino, and De Kastri. Reference to any port or place in Siberia has been removed because Siberia as defined by the Russian Government is a landlocked administrative region. The region covered by area 9 (a) and (b) is defined as Russian Pacific far east. Any other ports in the Russian Pacific far east outside of area 9 are either not excluded or covered under other areas.

Area 10 – Bering Sea The old Bering Sea exclusion has been thoroughly revised. In contrast to the other areas, free passage is permitted on through voyages without recourse to underwriters, provided the stated requirements are fulfilled.  

Colour Area Dates Excluded

Various At any time

Area 3(a) 10th December to 25th May

Area 3(b) & (c) 

Area 3(d) 8th January to 5th May

Area 3(e) 28th December to 5th May

Area 5(b) 21st December to 30th April

Area 5(c) 1st December to 30th April

Area 9(a) 1st November to 1st June

Area 9(b) 1st November to 1st June Area 9(c) 1st December to 1st May

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